The last decade has seen a rising number of arbitrations involving two or more parties. So-called complex and multi-party arbitrations raise numerous practical issues in international arbitration, jalb lekin hakamlik bitimi taraflari bo'lgan savollarga cheklangan emas, the possibilities of an “extension” of an arbitration agreement, uchinchi partiya ittifoq, muhokamasining va boshqa muhim amaliy va huquqiy masalalar mustahkamlash. Arbitraj qoidalari tez bu o'zgarishlarga moslashish qilindi. Shunday bo'lsa-da, ba'zi masalalar hamon hal etilmasdan qolmoqda.
Bu 1998 LCIA Rules had already included the possibility of joining a third party to the proceedings. Bu qoida, aslida ham bir xil bo'lib qoldi 2014 lcia qoidalari. moddasiga binoan 22(viii) the Tribunal has the power, partiyalar yoki o'z tashabbusi bilan ariza asosida, to allow one or more persons to be joined as a parties to arbitration provided that that person and the applicant party have consented to such joinder in writing (even against the consent of another party in the arbitration).
ammo, butunlay yangi qoidalar kiritilgan 2014 parallel protsess mustahkamlash uchun imkon beruvchi lcia qoidalari. moddasiga binoan 22(ix) and (x), the arbitral tribunal may order, Lcia sudi tasdiqlash oldin, the consolidation of the arbitration with one or more arbitrations where (i) all the relevant parties agree in writing; or (ii) no arbitral tribunal has been formed for the other arbitrations (except if it is composed of the same arbitrators) and the arbitrations have been commenced under the same or compatible arbitration agreement(s) between the same disputing parties. Bu lcia sudi aniqlash mumkin sharti bilan yo'l qo'yiladi, partiyalarning o'z qarashlarini bayon qilish uchun oqilona imkoniyat berib keyin, that two or more arbitrations under the LCIA Rules and commenced under the same arbitration agreement between the same disputing parties are to be consolidated. The LCIA rules allow this even without the consent of the parties (Article 22(x) and prior to the constitution of the Tribunal, Lcia sudi tasdiqlanishi lozim.
mustahkamlash bo'yicha shunga o'xshash ta'minlash, shuningdek, moddada topish mumkin 10 ning 2012 ICC qoidalari, ammo, boshqa qoidalarga nisbatan, the consolidation provisions under the LCIA Rules are more cautious than for example the HKIAC Rules, qaysi yo'l mustahkamlash tomonlar bir xil emas, hatto. Bu o'zgarishlar off aniq ta'siri va ahamiyati, which may pose problems at the time of the enforcement of an arbitral award before certain State courts, still remain to be seen in practice.
Bu 2014 lcia qoidalari, Bu qoidalarni o'z ichiga olgan, Quyida mavjud.
- Nina Jankovic, Aceris qonun SARL