Most arbitration rules of the leading arbitration institutions have today introduced the possibility of appointing an Emergency Arbitrator who will decide on Interim Measures (including the ICC, lcia, SIAC bosh, the HKIAC and the SCC).
Ushbu qoidalar tobora muvaqqat chora-tadbirlar so'rash uchun partiyalar tomonidan ishlatiladigan qilinmoqda. The Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce (“SCC”) has recently seen a significant increase in the number of requests for SCC Emergency Arbitrator. muassasaga ko'ra, dastlabki olti oyi davomida 2016, SCC Favqulodda hakamiga tayinlash uchun ilovalar rekord qator ko'rgan. jami 9 ilovalar topshirilgan qilingan, of which two were based on investment treaty protection agreements. If a decision on interim measures is needed to provisionally ensure a party’s claim, bir hakamlik boshlagunga oldin, partiya SCC Qoidalariga muvofiq bir Favqulodda hakamiga tayinlash uchun bojxona murojaat qilishi mumkin. o'rtasida 2014 va 2015, SCC Favqulodda hakamiga uchun faqat besh ilovalar jami qabul. o'rtasida topshirilgan barcha dasturlar uchun 1 Yanvar va 30 iyun 2016, favqulodda hakamlik tayinlash doirasida qilingan 24 talabnoma beruvchi iltimosnoma topshirilgan edi dan soat. yo'naltirish va o'rtasidagi farq qarori o'rtasidagi vaqt 5 va 8 kun. Uch holatlar doirasida tuzilgan 5 kun. Olti holatlar doirasida tuzilgan 6 va 8 kun.
The recent Evrobalt LLC versus the Republic of Moldova Respondent Award on Emergency Measures sheds light on when interim relief will be granted by Emergency Arbitrators.
Favqulodda hakam Moldova qarshi Favqulodda vaziyatlar uchun talabnoma raddiga
Evrobalt MChJ, Rossiya kompaniyasi, Mart oyida qabul qilingan qaror ma'muriy to'xtatishga harakat qilgan 2016 Moldova Milliy banki tomonidan Moldova Agroindbank muayyan aktsiyadorlar huquqlarini to'xtatib, ularni berdi 3 oy bankda o'z manfaatlarini mahrum qilish. Evrobalt kech may favqulodda yordam uchun bojxona qo'llaniladigan, faqat sakkiz kun Rossiya-Moldova ikki tomonlama sarmoyaviy shartnoma ostida nizo bir xabar topshirish keyin.
modda qayd esa 32 of the SCC Rules affords the Emergency Arbitrator the power to issue interim measures in broad terms: “har qanday muvaqqat chora-tadbirlar . . . deem[ed] appropriate", the Emergency Arbitrator indicated that Article 32 of the SCC Rules does not spell out the requirements that must be satisfied in order to issue interim measures; nor does Appendix II of the SCC Rules. Favqulodda hakamiga ko'ra, Bu talablar, Shunday bo'lsa-da, sezilarli darajada ko'p tortishuvlarga sabab, whether one applies Swedish law (as the law of the seat of the present Appendix II proceedings) or international law (as the law which governs the Treaty claims asserted by the Claimant). Xalqaro Tijorat qoidalari haqida UNCITRAL Model Qonunining Maqolalar 17-17A 2010 Bu talablarga sistemleştirmek. Maqola 26 of the UNCITRAL Rules reads in material part as follows:
"2. Muvaqqat chora tomonidan har qanday vaqtincha choralar, nizolarni nihoyat qaror qaysi tomonidan mukofot berish oldin, har qanday vaqtda, arbitraj sudi bir partiya buyruq, Misol uchun va cheklovlarsiz, to:
(a) Maintain or restore the status quo pending determination of the dispute;
(b) Take action that would prevent, yoki olib kelishi mumkin bo'lgan choralar tiyilish, (i) current or imminent harm or (ii) prejudice to the arbitral process itself;
(c) Provide a means of preserving assets out of which a subsequent award may be satisfied; or
(d) Preserve evidence that may be relevant and material to the resolution of the dispute.
3. bandlarida ostida vaqtinchalik chora talab partiya 2 (a) to (c) shall satisfy the arbitral tribunal that:
(a) Harm not adequately reparable by an award of damages is likely to result if the measure is not ordered, and such harm substantially outweighs the harm that is likely to result to the party against whom the measure is directed if the measure is granted; and
(b) There is a reasonable possibility that the requesting party will succeed on the merits of the claim. Bu mumkinligi to'g'risidagi belgilash har qanday keyingi qat'iyat qilishda arbitraj sudiga taqdir ta'sir qilmaydi. "
Regarding admissibility, the Emergency Arbitrator indicated that measures with effects equivalent to the definitive relief sought in the main proceedings cannot be sought by way of interim relief. Bu mohiyatan da'vo qo'ldan ko'rsatgan bo'lamiz, qaysi albatta favqulodda muhokamasi ostida yo'l qo'yilmaydi. The Emergency Arbitrator retained that Evrobalt’s requests do not amount to any such disposition, Ular ochiq vaqtinchalik belgi berildi, va ular shuning uchun maqbul bo'lgan.
ammo, the Emergency Arbitrator found that the criteria of risk of irrevocable harm or enforceability of the award was not met. The Claimant had asserted that unless the relief requested was granted, u "will irrevocably lose its rights as a shareholder of the Bank (which rights are at the very centre of the Dispute) and any subsequent award in the Claimant’s favour will be rendered effectively unenforceable". The question that the Emergency Arbitrator found to be central was whether the harm that the injunctions sought by the Claimant sought to avert were or were not “zarar bir mukofoti bilan munosib Onarılabilen". Bu zarar, deb paydo, haqiqiy va yaqin, associated with the Claimant’s investment could be made good by an award of damages. And the Emergency Arbitrator saw no reason why that harm could not be properly assessed by the Tribunal in the main proceedings.
Favqulodda hakam bu qarorni yetdi, qaysi quyida mavjud, and therefore dismissed Claimant’s request without the participation of the Respondent in the proceedings.
– Andrian Beregoi, Aceris qonun