The last decade has seen a rising number of arbitrations involving two or more parties. So-called complex and multi-party arbitrations raise numerous practical issues in international arbitration, kuwashirikisha lakini siyo mdogo kwa maswali ya walio wanaohusika na mkataba usuluhishi, the possibilities of an “extension” of an arbitration agreement, joinder wa chama cha tatu, uimarishaji wa kesi na masuala mengine muhimu kwa vitendo na kisheria. Usuluhishi sheria wamekuwa kurekebisha na mabadiliko haya kwa kasi. Hata hivyo, baadhi ya masuala bado ufumbuzi.
Ya 1998 LCIA Rules had already included the possibility of joining a third party to the proceedings. Sheria hii alibakia kimsingi ni sawa katika 2014 Kanuni ya LCIA. chini ya Ibara 22(viii) the Tribunal has the power, juu ya matumizi ya vyama au juu ya mpango wake, to allow one or more persons to be joined as a parties to arbitration provided that that person and the applicant party have consented to such joinder in writing (even against the consent of another party in the arbitration).
Hata hivyo, masharti mpya kabisa yameingizwa katika 2014 LCIA Rules kuruhusu kwa ajili ya uimarishaji wa kesi sambamba. chini ya Ibara 22(ix) and (x), the arbitral tribunal may order, kabla ya idhini ya LCIA Mahakama, the consolidation of the arbitration with one or more arbitrations where (i) all the relevant parties agree in writing; or (ii) no arbitral tribunal has been formed for the other arbitrations (except if it is composed of the same arbitrators) and the arbitrations have been commenced under the same or compatible arbitration agreement(s) between the same disputing parties. Hii ni kuruhusiwa chini ya masharti kuwa LCIA Mahakama inaweza kuamua, baada ya kutoa vyama fursa nzuri ya kueleza maoni yao, that two or more arbitrations under the LCIA Rules and commenced under the same arbitration agreement between the same disputing parties are to be consolidated. The LCIA rules allow this even without the consent of the parties (Article 22(x) and prior to the constitution of the Tribunal, chini ya idhini ya LCIA Mahakama.
utoaji sawa juu ya uimarishaji unaweza pia kupatikana katika ibara 10 ya 2012 Kanuni ya ICC, Hata hivyo, kwa kulinganisha na sheria nyingine, the consolidation provisions under the LCIA Rules are more cautious than for example the HKIAC Rules, ambayo kuruhusu uimarishaji hata wakati vyama si kufanana. madhara sahihi na maana mbali mabadiliko haya, which may pose problems at the time of the enforcement of an arbitral award before certain State courts, still remain to be seen in practice.
Ya 2014 Kanuni ya LCIA, zenye vifungu hivi, zinapatikana chini.
- Nina Jankovic, Aceris sheria SARL