The last decade has seen a rising number of arbitrations involving two or more parties. So-called complex and multi-party arbitrations raise numerous practical issues in international arbitration, ku lug leh laakiin aan ku xaddidnayn su'aalaha ee ku jira dhinacyada in ay heshiis heshiisiin ah, the possibilities of an “extension” of an arbitration agreement, joinder ee xisbiga saddexaad, xoojinta ee dacwadaha iyo arrimo kale oo muhiim ah la taaban karo iyo sharci. xeerarka Xalinta Khilaafaadka ayaa la qabsado isbedeladan si degdeg ah. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, arrimaha qaar ka mid ah weli la xalin.
The 1998 LCIA Rules had already included the possibility of joining a third party to the proceedings. Xeerkani wuxuu muhiimad hadhay isla ee 2014 LCIA Rules. Under Qodobka 22(viii) the Tribunal has the power, dul codsiga ah ee dhinacyada ama ay iskood, to allow one or more persons to be joined as a parties to arbitration provided that that person and the applicant party have consented to such joinder in writing (even against the consent of another party in the arbitration).
Si kastaba ha ahaatee, qodobada cusub ayaa lagu soo daray ka 2014 LCIA Rules jidaynayey u adkeeyaan dacwadaha isku midka ah. Under Qodobka 22(ix) and (x), the arbitral tribunal may order, ka hor ansixinta Maxkamadda LCIA ah, the consolidation of the arbitration with one or more arbitrations where (i) all the relevant parties agree in writing; or (ii) no arbitral tribunal has been formed for the other arbitrations (except if it is composed of the same arbitrators) and the arbitrations have been commenced under the same or compatible arbitration agreement(s) between the same disputing parties. Tan waxaa loo ogol yahay shardi ah in Maxkamadda LCIA ku ogaado waxaa laga yaabaa in, ka dib markii la siiyo dhinacyada fursad macquul ah si ay u sheegaan fikradahooda, that two or more arbitrations under the LCIA Rules and commenced under the same arbitration agreement between the same disputing parties are to be consolidated. The LCIA rules allow this even without the consent of the parties (Article 22(x) and prior to the constitution of the Tribunal, waxana ansixinaya Maxkamadda LCIA ah.
bixinta A la mid ah oo ku saabsan xoojinta sidoo kale waxaa laga heli karaa Qodobka 10 oo ka mid ah 2012 Rules ICC, Si kastaba ha ahaatee, marka la barbardhigo in xeerarka kale, the consolidation provisions under the LCIA Rules are more cautious than for example the HKIAC Rules, kaasoo u ogolaanaya xoojinta xitaa marka dhinacyada ma yihiin. Saamaynta saxda ah iyo saamaynta off isbedeladan, which may pose problems at the time of the enforcement of an arbitral award before certain State courts, still remain to be seen in practice.
The 2014 LCIA Rules, oo ka kooban qodobada kuwan, waxaa laga heli karaa hoose.
- Nina Jankovic, Aceris Law SARL