Sanadihii ugu dambeeyey, Moldova ayaa arkay kaca tirada gar maal gudbiyay waxaa ka dhanka ah. Sida ay nidaamka garsoorka ay hardan adag in ay baabbi'iso musuqmaasuqa iyo karti, heshiisiin caalami ah waxaa loo arkaa sida qalab muhiim ah oo damaanad ah maalgashadayaasha caalamiga ah.
ilaalinta ee maalgelinta shisheeye waa arrin muhiim u ah ajandaha siyaasadeed ee Moldova, since one of its goals is to attract more foreign investment (see Xafiiska Invest in Moldova). Moldova’s ranking in the Sameynta Business report published by the World Bank has been improving significantly in recent years: ranked 82nd in 2014, in 2016, Moldova kaalinta meel 52aad baxay 189.
Moldovan legislation on investments (Law No. 81-XV of 18 March 2004) provides that investment disputes should be resolved by mutual agreement and if no agreement is found, by heshiisiin. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, international arbitration is available only if the parties agreed mutually to submit their dispute to arbitration, taasoo la micno ah in oggolaanshaha Moldova ayaa si heshiisiin ma aha si toos ah.
"Qodobka 14. Xallinta Khilaafaadka Investments
(1) Investment disputes shall be resolved by mutual agreement.
(2) In the event of failure to resolve the dispute by mutual agreement the latter shall be subject to resolution by a competent court instance of the Republic of Moldova or, dul ogolaanshaha labada dhinac ee dhinacyada, by heshiisiin.
(3) If the parties agreed to resolve the dispute by arbitration, waxay si cad u xaqiijin doonaan xaqiiqda, cayimista, haddii loo baahdo, xeerarka nidaamka, soo xulay waafaqsan Sharciga No. 23-XVI ee 22 February 2008 ku saabsan Xalinta Khilaafaadka iyo Xeerka No. 24-XVI ee 22 February 2008 ku saabsan International Commercial-qaadida."
Moldova’s Consent to Resolve Disputes through Arbitration
The consent to solve a dispute opposing a foreign investor and the Moldovan State is found more often in the Bilateral Investment Treaties (BIT) to which Moldova is a party. Moldova currently has 39 gelinno in force which allow investors from signatory countries to bring claims before an international tribunal in case of an alleged infringement of rights protected under the relevant BIT. Many capital exporting nations have signed bilateral investment treaties with Moldova: USA-Moldova yara, Turkey-Moldova yara (a new treaty is being negotiated), Switzerland-Moldova yara, Spain-Moldova yara, Romania-Moldova yara, Russia-Moldova yara, Netherlands-Moldova yara, Italy-Moldova yara, Israa'iil-Moldova yara, Germany-Moldova yara, France-Moldova yara, Shiinaha-Moldova yara, Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union-Moldova yara, Austria-Moldova yara.
Moldova is also a party to various heshiisyada ilaalinta maal badan providing for the resolution of disputes through arbitration. The most well-known and frequently-invoked is the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT).
By ratifying the Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (ICSID Convention) in 2011, Moldova aqbaleen inay aqoonsadaan abaalmarinta kasta oo soo saaray by Garqaad Tribunal ICSID iyo go'an xaqiijinta fulinta oo ka mid ah cunaqabataynta pecuniary rogeen abaalmarinta on dhulkeeda.
Moldova is also a signatory to the convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (1958 New York Convention), taasoo la micno ah maxkamadaha maxaliga ah waa dhaqan abaalmarinta heshiisiin caalami ah in la kulanto xaaladaha qaarkood.
Intaa waxaa dheer, Moldova waa xisbi u Heshiiska Yurub Geneva on International Commercial-qaadida of 21 April 1961, iyo Heshiiska Paris xiriira codsiga of European Convention on International Commercial-qaadida of 17 December 1962.
Kiisaska Investment soo horjeedo Moldova
Moldova ayaa ku lug lahaa toban gar maalgashiga loo yaqaan, qaar ka mid ah taas oo xirmi, ka mid ah oo saddex ka socda.
The ongoing cases include:
Zbigniew Piotr Grot iyo kuwa kale v. Republic of Moldova, ICSID Case No. ARB / 16/8.
Evrobalt LLC v. The Republic of Moldova, SCC Case No. 2016/082, Award on Tallaabooyinka Degdegga ah 30 Laga yaabaa 2016.
Kompozit LLC v. Republic of Moldova, SCC Case.
Closed cases include:
State Enterprise “Energorynok” (Ukraine) v. The Republic of Moldova, SCC Case No. V2012 / 175, Award ee 29 January 2015.
TSIKinvest LLC v. Republic of Moldova, SCC Emergency Xalinta No. EA2014 / 053, Go'aan Emergency on Tallaabooyinka-meel-gaadhka ah 29 April 2014.
Energoalians TOB v. Republic of Moldova, UNCITRAL, Award ee 23 October 2013.
Yuri Bogdanov iyo Yulia Bogdanova v. Republic of Moldova, SCC Case No. V091 / 2012, Award ee 16 April 2013.
Mudane. Franck Charles Arif v. Republic of Moldova, ICSID Case No. ARB / 11/23, Award ee 8 April 2013.
Yury Bogdanov v. Republic of Moldova, SCC Xalinta No. V 114/2009, Award ee 30 March 2010.
Award ee 22 September 2005.
Company Stock Link-Trading Joint v. Waaxda Xakamaynta Customs ee Jamhuuriyadda Moldova, UNCITRAL, Award ee 18 April 2002.
- Andrian Beregoi, Law Aceris